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xtp



SYNOPSIS

       xtp [ -options ... ] <uniform resource locator>


DESCRIPTION

       Xtp is a utility for retrieving, listing, or printing
       files from a remote network site, or sending files to a
       remote network site.  xtp performs most of the same func­
       tions as the ftp(1) program, but does not require any
       interactive commands.  You simply specify the file trans­
       fer task on the command line and xtp performs the task
       automatically.


EXAMPLES

       To retrieve the file bird.jpg in directory images from
       host wizard.dupont.com, use:

            xtp ftp://wizard.dupont.com/images/bird.jpg

       To retrieve all the files from directory images as user
       magick from host wizard.dupont.com, use:

            xtp -retrieve ftp://magick@wizard.dupont.com/images/

       You will be prompted for a password.

       To retrieve all the files from directory images as user
       magick and password magick from host wizard.dupont.com,
       use:

            xtp -retrieve ftp://magick:magick@wiz­
       ard.dupont.com/images/


OPTIONS

       -account password
              Supply a supplemental password required by a remote
              system for access to resources.

       -binary
              retrieve files as binary.  This is the default.
              Use +binary to retrieve files as text.

       -directory
              list the names of files and their attributes that
              match the filename component of the uniform
              resource locator.  The filename component is pro­
              cessed as a regular expression.

       -exclude expression
              exclude files that match the regular expression.

              This option applies to the -directory, -print, or
              -retrieve options.
              store the file locally with a different name by
              using the -file option.

       -port number
              If no port number is specified, xtp attempts to
              contact a FTP server at the default port.  Other­
              wise, the specified port number is used.

       -proxy hostname
              access the remote host via a proxy ftpd client run­
              ning on this host.

              The default value of this option can be set with
              the environment variable xtp_proxy.  See ENVIRON­
              MENT for more details.  Use +proxy to prevent proxy
              connections.

       -print print files that match the filename component of
              the uniform resource locator.  The filename compo­
              nent is processed as a regular expression.

       -prune process files in the remote directory specified by
              the directory component of the uniform resource
              locator.  Do not recursively search for files.

       -put   put files that match the filename component of the
              uniform resource locator.  The filename component
              is expanded by passing it to csh(1).

              This option is equivalent to using the ftp put com­
              mand.  However, if the filename contains globbing
              characters this option is equivalent to the ftp
              mput command.  Without globbing characters, you can
              store the file remotely with a different name by
              using the -file option.

       -retrieve
              retrieve files that match the filename component of
              the uniform resource locator.  The filename compo­
              nent is processed as a regular expression.

              Retrieved files are stored on your local host
              directory as the full name of the retrieved file.
              For example, if the retrieved file is named docu­
              ments/xtp.man on the remote FTP server, it will
              appear in your remote directory as docu­
              ments/xtp.man.

       -timeout seconds
              specifies the maximum seconds to complete your
              remote FTP server request.  If this time expires,
              the program terminates.  The program also termi­

       If only the program name is specified on the command line,
       the program command syntax and options are listed.

       If neither -directory, -print, -put, or -retrieve are
       specified on the command line, the file or files specified
       by the uniform resource locator is retrieved from the
       remote network host (as if -get was specified).

       <uniform resource locator> has the format:

           protocol://host/[directory/[filename]]

       where protocol is ftp and host is [user[:password]]@host­
       name.  User defaults to anonymous and password defaults to
       host.domain.  Note that directory/[filename] is inter­
       preted relative to the home directory for user, thus an
       absolute pathname must be specified with the leading /:

           ftp://host//tmp/anyfile

       As an extension, the filename part of the locator is
       expanded by the shell for options -get or -put, otherwise
       it is processed as a regular expression.  For convenience,
       the protocol component of the uniform resource locator
       (ftp://) may be omitted.

       Xtp retrieves files from the remote directory for -get and
       puts files in the remote directory for -put.  Otherwise,
       xtp looks for a file of the form ls-lls-l([Rt])+([Rt])*
       and assumes it contains a recursive directory listing.  If
       none is found, xtp recursively descends the directory
       hierarchy from the remote directory.  Some remote hosts
       may have thousands of files causing a significant delay
       satisfying your request.  This can be wasteful if the
       files you are interested in reside in a known directory.
       You can reduce the searching required by specifying
       <remote directory> on the command line.  This limits the
       filename search to the specified directory and any of its
       subdirectories.  Alternatively, -prune restricts the
       search to the remote directory only.


REGULAR EXPRESSIONS

       A regular expression is zero or more branches, separated
       by |.  It matches anything that matches one of the
       branches.

       A branch is zero or more pieces, concatenated.  It matches
       a match for the first, followed by a match for the second,
       etc.

       A piece is an atom possibly followed by *, +, or ?.  An
       atom followed by * matches a sequence of 0 or more matches
       normally matches any single character from the sequence.
       If the sequence begins with ^, it matches any single char­
       acter not from the rest of the sequence.  If two charac­
       ters in the sequence are separated by -, this is shorthand
       for the full list of ASCII characters between them (e.g.
       [0-9] matches any decimal digit). To include a literal ]
       in the sequence, make it the first character (following a
       possible ^).  To include a literal -, make it the first or
       last character.


ENVIRONMENT

       xtp_proxy
              Specifies that the remote site should be contacted
              by proxy.  See -proxy.


FILES

       ~/.netrc


SEE ALSO

       ftp(1C), Mosaic(1)


COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (C) 2000 ImageMagick Studio, a non-profit orga­
       nization dedicated to making software imaging solutions
       freely available.

       Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any per­
       son obtaining a copy of this software and associated docu­
       mentation files ("ImageMagick"), to deal in ImageMagick
       without restriction, including without limitation the
       rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute,
       sublicense, and/or sell copies of ImageMagick, and to per­
       mit persons to whom the ImageMagick is furnished to do so,
       subject to the following conditions:

       The above copyright notice and this permission notice
       shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of
       ImageMagick.

       The software is provided "as is", without warranty of any
       kind, express or implied, including but not limited to the
       warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular
       purpose and noninfringement.  In no event shall ImageMag­
       ick Studio be liable for any claim, damages or other lia­
       bility, whether in an action of contract, tort or other­
       wise, arising from, out of or in connection with ImageMag­
       ick or the use or other dealings in ImageMagick.

       Except as contained in this notice, the name of the
       ImageMagick Studio shall not be used in advertising or
       otherwise to promote the sale, use or other dealings in
       ImageMagick without prior written authorization from the

                         10 December 1994                  XTP(1)
  




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