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tail



SYNOPSIS

       tail [OPTION]... [FILE]...


DESCRIPTION

       Print  the  last 10 lines of each FILE to standard output.
       With more than one FILE, precede each with a header giving
       the  file  name.   With  no  FILE, or when FILE is -, read
       standard input.

       Mandatory arguments to  long  options  are  mandatory  for
       short options too.

       --retry
              keep trying to open a file even if it is inaccessi­
              ble when tail starts or if it becomes  inaccessible
              later -- useful only with -f

       -c, --bytes=N
              output the last N bytes

       -f, --follow[={name|descriptor}]
              output  appended data as the file grows; -f, --fol­
              low, and --follow=descriptor are equivalent

       -F     same as --follow=name --retry

       -n, --lines=N
              output the last N lines, instead of the last 10

       --max-unchanged-stats=N
              with --follow=name, reopen a  FILE  which  has  not
              changed  size after N (default 5) iterations to see
              if it has been unlinked or  renamed  (this  is  the
              usual case of rotated log files)

       --pid=PID
              with -f, terminate after process ID, PID dies

       -q, --quiet, --silent
              never output headers giving file names

       -s, --sleep-interval=S
              with -f, sleep for approximately S seconds (default
              1.0) between iterations.

       -v, --verbose
              always output headers giving file names

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

       periodically  to  see if it has been removed and recreated
       by some other program.


AUTHOR

       Written by Paul Rubin, David MacKenzie, Ian Lance  Taylor,
       and Jim Meyering.


REPORTING BUGS

       Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.


COPYRIGHT

       Copyright © 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
       This  is  free software; see the source for copying condi­
       tions.  There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY
       or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.


SEE ALSO

       The full documentation for tail is maintained as a Texinfo
       manual.  If  the  info  and  tail  programs  are  properly
       installed at your site, the command

              info tail

       should give you access to the complete manual.

tail (coreutils) 5.0        March 2003                    TAIL(1)
  
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