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       Options for the stp driver are given in normal Ghostscript
       manner.  The  resolution  of  the  image   calculated   by
       Ghostscript  is not bound to the resolution of the printer
       output. It is for example possible to specify -r360 to  gs
       and print the output in 1440x720 dpi (see below for driver
       parameter). The result is a somewhat faster  operation  of
       the driver.

       The device name is "stp" (-sDEVICE=stp)

       The driver will not permit use of invalid settings.

       The options for this driver are very complex.  We strongly
       recommend use of  a  printer  management  system  such  as
       Foomatic  rather  than configuring a spooler manually with
       this  driver.  The  driver  name  used  by   Foomatic   is

   Overview for the IJS Driver:
       Most  options  for  the ijsgimpprint driver are similar to
       those for the stp driver.  The major  difference  is  that
       most  of  the  Gimp-Print  specific  options  are  bundled
       together into a single option that is passed in as a  spe­
       cial  -sIjsParams parameter, and the normal Ghostscript -s
       and -d flags, indicating whether an option is a string  or
       a number, are not used in this special parameter.

       The device name is "ijs" (-sDEVICE=ijs).  In addition, the
       location of the driver program must  be  specified.   This
       will  typically be /usr/bin/ijsgimpprint; the parameter in
       this case is -sIjsServer=/usr/bin/ijsgimpprint .

       Also, -dIjsUseOutputFD should be specified whenever output
       from Ghostscript will go to stdout or into a pipe.  It may
       be specified in all other cases, with only a  slight  per­
       formance degradation.

       The  -sIjsParams  parameter  contains a single string con­
       taining a comma-separated list of sub-options:


       and so forth.

       The options for this driver are very complex. We  strongly
       recommend  use  of  a  printer  management  system such as
       Foomatic rather than configuring a spooler  manually  with
       this   driver.   The  driver  name  used  by  Foomatic  is

       bjc-55           CANON BJC 55
       bjc-80           CANON BJC 80
       bjc-85           CANON BJC 85
       bjc-210          CANON BJC 210
       bjc-240          CANON BJC 240
       bjc-250          CANON BJC 250
       bjc-1000         CANON BJC 1000
       bjc-2000         CANON BJC 2000
       bjc-3000         CANON BJC 3000
       bjc-4300         CANON BJC 4300
       bjc-4400         CANON BJC 4400 photo
       bjc-6000         CANON BJC 6000
       bjc-6100         CANON BJC 6100
       bjc-6200         CANON BJC 6200
       bjc-6500         CANON BJC 6500
       bjc-7000         CANON BJC 7000
       bjc-7100         CANON BJC 7100
       bjc-8200         CANON BJC 8200
       bjc-s400         CANON S400
       bjc-s450         CANON S450
       bjc-s800         CANON S800
       bjc-s4500        CANON S4500
       escp2-c20sx      EPSON Stylus C20SX
       escp2-c20ux      EPSON Stylus C20UX
       escp2-c40sx      EPSON Stylus C40SX
       escp2-c40ux      EPSON Stylus C40UX
       escp2-c41sx      EPSON Stylus C41SX
       escp2-c41ux      EPSON Stylus C41UX
       escp2-c42sx      EPSON Stylus C42SX
       escp2-c42ux      EPSON Stylus C42UX
       escp2-c60        EPSON Stylus C60
       escp2-c61        EPSON Stylus C61
       escp2-c62        EPSON Stylus C62
       escp2-c70        EPSON Stylus C70
       escp2-c80        EPSON Stylus C80
       escp2-c82        EPSON Stylus C82
       escp2            EPSON Stylus Color
       escp2-pro        EPSON Stylus Color Pro
       escp2-pro-xl     EPSON Stylus Color Pro XL
       escp2-400        EPSON Stylus Color 400
       escp2-440        EPSON Stylus Color 440
       escp2-460        EPSON Stylus Color 460
       escp2-480        EPSON Stylus Color 480
       escp2-500        EPSON Stylus Color 500
       escp2-580        EPSON Stylus Color 580
       escp2-600        EPSON Stylus Color 600
       escp2-640        EPSON Stylus Color 640
       escp2-660        EPSON Stylus Color 660
       escp2-670        EPSON Stylus Color 670
       escp2-680        EPSON Stylus Color 680
       escp2-740        EPSON Stylus Color 740
       escp2-760        EPSON Stylus Color 760
       escp2-700        EPSON Stylus Photo 700
       escp2-ex         EPSON Stylus Photo EX
       escp2-ex3        EPSON Stylus Photo EX3
       escp2-720        EPSON Stylus Photo 720
       escp2-750        EPSON Stylus Photo 750
       escp2-780        EPSON Stylus Photo 780
       escp2-785        EPSON Stylus Photo 785EPX
       escp2-790        EPSON Stylus Photo 790
       escp2-810        EPSON Stylus Photo 810
       escp2-820        EPSON Stylus Photo 820
       escp2-825        EPSON Stylus Photo 825
       escp2-830        EPSON Stylus Photo 830
       escp2-870        EPSON Stylus Photo 870
       escp2-875        EPSON Stylus Photo 875
       escp2-890        EPSON Stylus Photo 890
       escp2-895        EPSON Stylus Photo 895
       escp2-915        EPSON Stylus Photo 915
       escp2-925        EPSON Stylus Photo 925
       escp2-950        EPSON Stylus Photo 950
       escp2-960        EPSON Stylus Photo 960
       escp2-1200       EPSON Stylus Photo 1200
       escp2-1270       EPSON Stylus Photo 1270
       escp2-1280       EPSON Stylus Photo 1280
       escp2-1290       EPSON Stylus Photo 1290
       escp2-2000       EPSON Stylus Photo 2000P
       escp2-2100       EPSON Stylus Photo 2100
       escp2-2200       EPSON Stylus Photo 2200
       escp2-5000       EPSON Stylus Pro 5000
       escp2-5500       EPSON Stylus Pro 5500
       escp2-7000       EPSON Stylus Pro 7000
       escp2-7500       EPSON Stylus Pro 7500
       escp2-7600       EPSON Stylus Pro 7600
       escp2-9000       EPSON Stylus Pro 9000
       escp2-9500       EPSON Stylus Pro 9500
       escp2-9600       EPSON Stylus Pro 9600
       escp2-10000      EPSON Stylus Pro 10000
       escp2-scan2000   EPSON Stylus Scan 2000
       escp2-scan2500   EPSON Stylus Scan 2500
       escp2-cx3200     EPSON Stylus CX-3200
       escp2-cx5200     EPSON Stylus CX-5200
       escp2-cl700      EPSON CL-700
       escp2-cl750      EPSON CL-750
       escp2-em900c     EPSON EM-900C
       escp2-em930c     EPSON EM-930C
       escp2-mc10000    EPSON MC-10000
       escp2-mc2000     EPSON MC-2000
       escp2-mc5000     EPSON MC-5000
       escp2-mc7000     EPSON MC-7000
       escp2-mc9000     EPSON MC-9000
       escp2-mj930c     EPSON MJ-930C
       escp2-mj5100c    EPSON MJ-5100C
       escp2-mj6000c    EPSON MJ-6000C
       escp2-pm760c     EPSON PM-760C
       escp2-pm770c     EPSON PM-770C
       escp2-pm780c     EPSON PM-780C
       escp2-pm790pt    EPSON PM-790PT
       escp2-pm800c     EPSON PM-800C
       escp2-pm850pt    EPSON PM-850PT
       escp2-pm880c     EPSON PM-880C
       escp2-pm9000c    EPSON PM-9000C
       escp2-pm950c     EPSON PM-950C
       escp2-px7000     EPSON PX-7000
       escp2-px9000     EPSON PX-9000
       pcl-desnj-230    HP DesignJet 230
       pcl-desnj-250    HP DesignJet 250
       pcl-desnj-430    HP DesignJet 430
       pcl-desnj-450    HP DesignJet 450
       pcl-desnj-455    HP DesignJet 455
       pcl-desnj-488    HP DesignJet 488
       pcl-desnj-700    HP DesignJet 700
       pcl-750          HP DesignJet 750C
       pcl-desnj-2500   HP DesignJet 2500
       pcl-desnj-3500   HP DesignJet 3500
       pcl-340          HP DeskJet 340
       pcl-400          HP DeskJet 400
       pcl-500          HP DeskJet 500
       pcl-501          HP DeskJet 500C
       pcl-520          HP DeskJet 520
       pcl-540          HP DeskJet 540C
       pcl-550          HP DeskJet 550C
       pcl-560          HP DeskJet 560C
       pcl-600          HP DeskJet 600/600C (Single Cartridge)
       pcl-601          HP DeskJet 600 series (2 Cartridge)
       pcl-690          HP DeskJet 690 series (Photo-Ink capable)
       pcl-810          HP DeskJet 810C
       pcl-812          HP DeskJet 812C
       pcl-840          HP DeskJet 840C
       pcl-842          HP DeskJet 842C
       pcl-845          HP DeskJet 845C
       pcl-850          HP DeskJet 850C
       pcl-855          HP DeskJet 855C
       pcl-870          HP DeskJet 870C
       pcl-890          HP DeskJet 890C
       pcl-895          HP DeskJet 895C
       pcl-900          HP DeskJet 900 series
       pcl-P1000        HP PhotoSmart P1000
       pcl-1100         HP DeskJet 1100C
       pcl-P1100        HP PhotoSmart P1100
       pcl-1120         HP DeskJet 1120C
       pcl-1200         HP DeskJet 1200C
       pcl-1220         HP DeskJet 1220C
       pcl-1600         HP DeskJet 1600C
       pcl-2000         HP DeskJet 2000 series
       pcl-2500         HP DeskJet 2500 series

       Most or all of the Epson Stylus printers are  fully  func­
       tional.   The  others  vary.   In  particular,  all of the
       listed Epson Stylus Photo printers print in  full  6-color
       photo  mode;  most of the others do not.  The color output
       has also been better tuned for Epson Stylus printers  than
       for others.

   Print  Resolution  Selection  (Option  STP:  -sQuality= , IJS:
       The meaning of this  is  model-specific.   Two  names  are
       listed  for each resolution; the first (short) name is the
       value that must be passed to  -sQuality,  and  the  second
       (long)  name  is  descriptive.   Each  printer has its own
       default value; for most printers, this is a reasonable 300
       or 360 DPI resolution.

       For Epson Stylus printers:

       Within each specified resolution, the quality is generally
       listed from worst to best (and  generally  higher  quality
       means  lower  speed).  For example, 360 DPI Unidirectional
       is usually better than 360 DPI.  Characteristics  of  spe­
       cific models and individual printers may affect the order­
       ings to  some  degree;  on  many  printers,  with  certain
       papers,  unidirectional printing will improve quality sub­
       stantially more than using  an  otherwise  better  quality
       printing mode.

       The  difference between different quality settings lies in
       the number of passes made over each line.  High and  High­
       est  quality  settings perform more passes, printing fewer
       dots with each pass over the same line and using different
       nozzles  for each pass.  This reduces banding effects, but
       requires more time.

       Microweave modes use algorithms within the printer to gen­
       erate the sequence of rows printed.  These algorithms gen­
       erally only work well at low printing  resolutions.   Many
       printers  do  not support this kind of printing at resolu­
       tions of 720 DPI and above,  and  some  printers  that  do
       actually  print  just  one  row (using just one nozzle per
       color) at a time.  While this particular use will  produce
       extremely  high quality (no banding whatsoever, normally),
       it is extremely slow and may eventually damage  the  print
       head  due  to ink pooling.  All printers that we are aware
       of have no such trouble at 360 DPI.

       We generally recommend the following resolutions  for  the
       following purposes:

              Draft  output  on  plain  paper (output will not be
              solidly black); economy draft output on good  qual­
              ity inkjet paper.

       360    Standard quality output on plain paper (output will
              be solidly black); draft  output  on  good  quality
              inkjet paper.

              High quality output on plain paper; standard output
              on good quality inkjet paper.

       720    Maximum quality on plain  paper;  high  quality  on
              good  inkjet  paper; proofs on photo-quality paper.
              On many printers, there will be  little  difference
              between this and 720x360 on plain paper.

              High  quality  on photo paper; use 1440x720 Highest
              Quality to reduce microbanding  if  needed.   While
              this  will  work  on plain paper, it usually offers
              little improvement over 720 DPI.

              Highest quality on photo  paper.   While  this  may
              yield  slightly improved quality, it will generally
              not be markedly superior to 1440x720 Highest  Qual­
              ity,  except on the Stylus Color 980 and Stylus C70
              and C80, where it may yield a  noticeable  improve­
              ment.   It takes as long to print as 1440x720 high­
              est quality, but twice as long to generate the out­

              An unsupported mode that offers higher quality than
              2880x720 for certain types of images on  very  high
              quality  paper.   It  does  not appear to offer any
              advantage on smooth tones, but fine detail (partic­
              ularly  vertical, and to a lesser extent near-hori­
              zontal) it shows noticeable improvement.  It  takes
              as  long  to  print as 2880x720.  1440x1440 highest
              quality takes twice as long to print.

       360x90dpi       360 x 90 DPI Fast Economy Draft            (1)
       180dpi          180 DPI Economy Draft                      (2)
       360x180dpi      360 x 180 DPI Draft                        (2)
       360x180sw       360 x 180 DPI Draft                        (3)
       360x120dpi      360 x 120 DPI Economy Draft                (4)
       360x120sw       360 x 120 DPI Economy Draft                (5)
       360x240dpi      360 x 240 DPI Draft                        (4)
       360x240sw       360 x 240 DPI Draft                        (5)
       360dpi          360 DPI                                    (6)
       360uni          360 DPI Unidirectional                     (6)
       360mw           360 DPI Microweave                         (6, *)
       360mwuni        360 DPI Microweave Unidirectional          (6)
       360sw           360 DPI                                    (7, 17, *)
       360swuni        360 DPI Unidirectional                     (7, 17)
       360hq           360 DPI High Quality                       (7, 8, 17)
       360hquni        360 DPI High Quality Unidirectional        (7, 8, 17)
       720x360sw       720 x 360 DPI                              (9, 10)
       720x360swuni    720 x 360 DPI Unidirectional               (9, 10)
       720mw           720 DPI Microweave                         (11)
       720mwuni        720 DPI Microweave Unidirectional          (11)
       720sw           720 DPI                                    (9)
       720swuni        720 DPI Unidirectional                     (9)
       720hq           720 DPI High Quality                       (9)
       720hquni        720 DPI High Quality Unidirectional        (9)
       720hq2          720 DPI Highest Quality                    (9)
       1440x720mw      1440 x 720 DPI Microweave                  (12)
       1440x720mwuni   1440 x 720 DPI Microweave Unidirectional   (12)
       1440x720sw      1440 x 720 DPI                             (13)
       1440x720swuni   1440 x 720 DPI Unidirectional              (13, 14)
       1440x720hq      1440 x 720 DPI Highest Quality             (13)
       2880x720sw      2880 x 720 DPI                             (15)
       2880x720swuni   2880 x 720 DPI Unidirectional              (15)
       1440x1440sw     1440 x 1440 DPI                            (16)
       1440x1440hq2    1440 x 1440 DPI Highest Quality            (16)
       2880x1440sw     2880 x 1440 DPI                            (16)

       (*)    This resolution is the default on all printers sup­
              porting this setting.

       (1)    Works  on printers that have a basic vertical spac­
              ing of 1/90".  This includes the Stylus Color, Sty­
              lus  Color  440, 460, 600, 640, 660, 670, and 1500,
              and Stylus Photo, Stylus Photo 700, 720, and EX.

       (2)    Works on most printers that have a  basic  vertical

       (5)    Works on newer printers with dot spacing  of  1/120
              inch.  This includes the Stylus C20, C40, C41, C42,
              C60, C61, and C62; the Stylus Color 480, 580,  680,
              740, 760, 777, 860, 880, 83, and 1160, and the Sty­
              lus Photo 750, 780, 785, 790, 810, 820,  830,  870,
              875,  890,  895,  915,  925,  1270, 1280, 1290, and
              2000P, and the Stylus Scan 2000 and 2500.

       (6)    Works on all printers that do not support  variable
              drop sizes.  This includes the Stylus Color, Stylus
              Color 400, 440, 460, 500, 600, 640, 660, 800,  850,
              1500,  1520,  and  3000,  Stylus  Color Pro, Stylus
              Color Pro XL, and Stylus Photo, Stylus  Photo  700,
              and EX.

       (7)    Works on all printers that do support variable drop
              sizes.  This includes all  supported  Epson  Stylus
              printers except for those listed in note (6).

       (8)    Recommended only on processors slower than 200 MHz,
              the system is heavily loaded with a faster  proces­
              sor, or if problems are experienced at 720x360.

       (9)    Works  on  all supported printers except for Stylus
              Color, Stylus Color Pro, Stylus Color Pro XL,  Sty­
              lus Color 1500, 1520, and 3000.

       (10)   On  printers that do not support variable drop size
              (see note (4)), this will print as fast as 360 DPI,
              and faster than 360 DPI High Quality.  It will take
              twice as long to  generate  output,  which  may  be
              important on a heavily loaded system or a processor
              slower than 200 MHz.

       (11)   Works on some older printers, including the  Stylus
              Color,  Stylus Color 400, 500, 600, 800, 850, 1500,
              1520, and 3000, Stylus Color Pro, and Stylus  Color
              Pro  XL.   Not  recommended  except  for the Stylus
              Color, Stylus Color 1500, 1520, and 3000.

       (12)   Works on Stylus Color  600,  800,  850,  1520,  and
              3000.   Not recommended unless other 1440x720 modes
              do not work.

       (15)   Works on all printers that  support  2880x720  DPI.
              This  includes  the Stylus C60, C61, C62, C70, C80,
              and C82, the Stylus Color 680, 777,  880,  83,  and
              980, and Stylus Photo 780, 790, 810, 820, 830, 890,
              915, 925, 950, 960, 1280, and 1290.   This  resolu­
              tion  is offered on the Stylus Photo 2100 and 2200,
              but may not work correctly.

       (16)   Works on Epson Stylus Photo  830,  925,  950,  960,
              2100, 2200; Stylus C61, C62, C70, C80, C82 ; Stylus
              Pro 7600 and 9600.  This  resolution  is  not  sup­
              ported  by  Epson  on the C70 and C80, but it works
              correctly on at least some such printers.

       (17)   These resolutions print at particularly high  speed
              on  the Epson Stylus Photo 950, 960, 2100, and 2200
              when printing in Four Color Standard or Three Color
              Composite  modes, or when printing in monochrome or
              grayscale with any ink type other  than  Two  Level
              Grayscale, Seven Color Photo, or Quadtone.

       The  Stylus  Pro  printers  (Stylus  Pro 5000, 5500, 7000,
       7500, 7600, 9000, 9500, 9600,  and  10000)  support  addi­
       tional  microweave modes known as Full Overlap (FOL), Four
       Pass, and FOL2.  The Stylus Pro 5500,  7500,  7600,  9500,
       9600,  and  10000  additionally  have  a  mode called MW2.
       These modes can only be used at certain resolutions.  Sty­
       lus Pro printers support the following resolutions:

       180dpi             180 DPI
       360dpi             360 DPI
       360uni             360 DPI Unidirectional
       360mw              360 DPI Microweave
       360mwuni           360 DPI Microweave Unidirectional
       360fol             360 DPI Full Overlap
       360foluni          360 DPI Full Overlap Unidirectional
       360fol2            360 DPI FOL2
       360fol2uni         360 DPI FOL2 Unidirectional
       360mw2             360 DPI MW2
       360mw2uni          360 DPI MW2 Unidirectional
       720x360dpi         720 x 360 DPI
       720x360uni         720 x 360 DPI Unidirectional
       720x360fol         720 x 360 DPI FOL
       720x360foluni      720 x 360 DPI FOL Unidirectional
       720x360fol2        720 x 360 DPI FOL2
       720x360fol2uni     720 x 360 DPI FOL2 Unidirectional
       720x360mw2         720 x 360 DPI MW2
       720x360mw2uni      720 x 360 DPI MW2 Unidirectional
       1440x720foluni     1440 x 720 DPI FOL Unidirectional
       1440x720fourp      1440 x 720 DPI Four Pass
       1440x720fourpuni   1440 x 720 DPI Four Pass Unidirectional

       In addition, the Stylus Pro 7600 and 9600 printers support
       the following resolutions:

       2880x720dpi         2880 x 720 DPI
       2880x720uni         2880 x 720 DPI Unidirectional
       2880x720mw          2880 x 720 DPI Microweave
       2880x720mwuni       2880 x 720 DPI Microweave Unidirectional
       2880x720fol         2880 x 720 DPI FOL
       2880x720foluni      2880 x 720 DPI FOL Unidirectional
       2880x720fourp       2880 x 720 DPI Four Pass
       2880x720fourpuni    2880 x 720 DPI Four Pass Unidirectional
       1440x1440dpi        1440 x 1440 DPI
       1440x1440uni        1440 x 1440 DPI Unidirectional
       1440x1440mw         1440 x 1440 DPI Microweave
       1440x1440mwuni      1440 x 1440 DPI Microweave Unidirectional
       1440x1440fol        1440 x 1440 DPI FOL
       1440x1440foluni     1440 x 1440 DPI FOL Unidirectional
       1440x1440fourp      1440 x 1440 DPI Four Pass
       1440x1440fourpuni   1440 x 1440 DPI Four Pass Unidirectional
       2880x1440dpi        2880 x 1440 DPI
       2880x1440uni        2880 x 1440 DPI Unidirectional
       2880x1440mw         2880 x 1440 DPI Microweave
       2880x1440mwuni      2880 x 1440 DPI Microweave Unidirectional
       2880x1440fol        2880 x 1440 DPI FOL
       2880x1440foluni     2880 x 1440 DPI FOL Unidirectional
       2880x1440fourp      2880 x 1440 DPI Four Pass
       2880x1440fourpuni   2880 x 1440 DPI Four Pass Unidirectional

       For PCL printers (including  Hewlett-Packard  and  Lexmark

       150dpi       150x150 DPI              (should work on all printers)
       300dpi       300x300 DPI              (should work on all printers, C-RET on
                                             DJ 850/855/870/890)
       600x300dpi   600x300 DPI              (DJ 6xx/810/812/840/842/895)
       600mono      600x600 DPI monochrome
                                             (DJ 6xx (except 69x) /8xx/1100/1120)
       600dpi       600x600 DPI              (DJ 69x/840/9xx/1220/2000/2500,
                                             PhotoSmart P1000/P1100, LJ5/5Si/6)

       Note:  the  higher resolutions of newer PCL printers using
       1200uni        1200 DPI  Unidirectional
       2400x1200dpi   2400 DPI x 1200 DPI                   (Z52)
       2400x1200hq    2400 DPI x 1200 DPI high quality      (Z52)
       2400x1200hq2   2400 DPI x 1200 DPI highest quality   (Z52)

       For Canon printers:

       1200 DPI printers (BJC 7000, BJC 7100, BJC 8500):

       300x300dpi     300x300 DPI
       300x300dmt     300x300 DPI DMT
       600x600dpi     600x600 DPI
       600x600dmt     600x600 DPI DMT
       1200x600dpi    1200x600 DPI
       1200x1200dpi   1200x1200 DPI

       1440 DPI printers
              (BJC 30, BJC 50, BJC 55, BJC 80, BJC 85,  BJC  210,
              BJC 240, BJC 250, BJC 1000, BJC 2000, BJC 3000, BJC
              4300, BJC 4400, BJC 6000, BJC 6100, BJC  6200,  BJC
              6500, BJC 8200, S400, S450, S800, S4500):

       360x360dpi     360x360 DPI
       360x360dmt     360x360 DPI DMT
       720x360dpi     720x360 DPI
       720x720dpi     720x720 DPI
       1440x720dpi    1440x720 DPI
       1440x1440dpi   1440x1440 DPI

   Ink Types
       This  is printer type specific.  The option names are case
       sensitive.  The option  names  are  case  sensitive.   Two
       names  are  listed  for each resolution; the first (short)
       name is the value that must be passed  to  -sInkType,  and
       the  second (long) name is descriptive.  Not all ink types
       are supported on all printers.

       Option STP: -sInkType=inktype Option IJS: -sIjsParams=Ink­

       For Epson and Lexmark (other than the 4076) printers:

       Photo7      Seven Color Photo (CcMmYKk, for the Epson Stylus
                   Photo 2100 and 2200, and Stylus Pro 7600 and 9600)
       PhotoCMYK   Six Color Photo
       PhotoCMY    Five Color Photo Composite
       CMYK        Four Color Standard
       RGB         Three Color Composite
       Quadtone    Quadtone grayscale inks (special third party inksets
                   designed to produce superior results for grayscale
       Gray2       Two Level Grayscale (Kk, for the Epson stylus Photo
                   2100 and 2200, and Stylus Pro 7600 and 9600)

       For Canon printers:

       Gray        Black
       RGB         Color
       CMYK        Black/Color
       PhotoCMY    Photo/Color
       PhotoCMYK   Photo

       For PCL (Hewlett-Packard and Lexmark 4076) color printers:

       CMYK    Color + Black Cartridges
       Photo   Color + Photo Cartridges (For Deskjet 69x only)

       Black  and white PCL printers (laser printers, in particu­
       lar) do not allow any value to be specified  for  the  ink

   Media Types
       This  is printer type specific.  The option names are case
       sensitive.  Two names are listed for each resolution;  the
       first  (short)  name  is  the value that must be passed to
       -sMediaType, and the second (long) name is descriptive.

       Option  STP:  -sMediaType=mediatype  Option  IJS:   -sIjs­

       For  Epson and Lexmark (other than the 4076) inkjet print­

       Plain          Plain Paper
       PlainFast      Plain Paper Fast Load
       Postcard       Postcard
       GlossyFilm     Glossy Film
       We have found that glossy photo  papers  not  specifically
       designed  for  Epson  printers generally perform poorly in
       Epson printers.  The ink tends to pool on the paper, caus­
       ing  muddy shadows and possibly leaving ink on the printer
       rollers.   Use  of  the  highest  quality  printing  modes
       (1440x720  highest  quality  and  2880x720 unidirectional)
       produces the best result on such papers, probably  because
       printing  is  slower and there is more time for the ink to

       For Canon printers:

       Plain          Plain Paper
       Transparency   Transparencies
       BackFilm       Back Print Film
       Fabric         Fabric Sheets
       Envelope       Envelope
       Coated         High Resolution Paper
       TShirt         T-Shirt Transfers
       GlossyFilm     High Gloss Film
       GlossyPaper    Glossy Photo Paper
       GlossyCards    Glossy Photo Cards
       GlossyPro      Photo Paper Pro

       For PCL (Hewlett-Packard and Lexmark 4076)  inkjet  print­

       Plain            Plain
       Bond             Bond
       Premium          Premium
       Glossy           Glossy/Photo
       Transparency     Transparency
       GlossyQD         Quick-dry Photo
       TransparencyQD   Quick-dry Transparency

       PCL laser printers do not allow specification of any media

   Media Sources
       This is printer type specific.  The option names are  case

       Option  STP:  -sInputSlot=mediasource  Option  IJS: -sIjs­

       Epson printers without a roll feed  mechanism  should  not
       have this option set.

       For  Epson  printers  with a roll feed mechanism without a

       NOTE: The -sInputSlot=RollCutPage does not work  with  the
       STP driver, only with the IJS driver.

       For  Epson  Stylus Pro printers without a roll feed mecha­
       nism (Stylus Pro 5000, 5500):

       CutSheet1      Cut sheet bin 1
       CutSheet2      Cut sheet bin 2
       CutSheetAuto   Cut sheet autoselect
       ManualSelect   Manual selection

       For Epson Stylus Pro printers with a roll  feed  mechanism
       (Stylus  Pro  7000,  7500,  7600, 9000, 9500, 9600, 10000,

       Standard   Standard
       Roll       Roll Feed

       For Canon printers:

       Auto            Auto Sheet Feeder
       Manual          Manual with Pause
       ManualNP        Manual without Pause

       For PCL (Hewlett-Packard and Lexmark 4076) printers.  Dif­
       ferent printers allow different choices out of this set.

       Standard        Standard                (Feed from printer defined source)
       Manual          Manual
       MultiPurpose    Tray 1
       Upper           Tray 2
       Lower           Tray 3
       LargeCapacity   Tray 4
       Portable        Portable Sheet Feeder
       Desktop         Desktop Sheet Feeder
       Tray            Tray
       Tray2           Tray 2
       Optional        Optional Source
       Auto            Autoselect

       For Lexmark printers other than the 4076:

       Auto       Auto Sheet Feeder
       Manual     Manual with Pause
       ManualNP   Manual without Pause


       where x and y are  the  width  and  height  of  the  paper
       respectively, in points (1/72")

          * Common English paper sizes

       Letter         Letter                  8.5in x 11in      x=612, y=792
       Legal          Legal                   8.5in x 14in      x=612, y=1008
       Tabloid        Tabloid                 11in x 17in       x=792, y=1224
       Executive      Executive               7.25in x 10.5in   x=522, y=756
       Postcard       Postcard                100mm x 147mm     x=283, y=416
       w216h360       3x5                                       x=216, y=360
       w288h432       4x6                                       x=288, y=432
       w324h495       Epson 4x6 Photo Paper                     x=324, y=495
       w360h504       5x7                                       x=360, y=504
       w360h576       5x8                                       x=360, y=576
       8x10           8x10                                      x=576, y=720
       Statement      Manual                  5.5in x 8.5in     x=396, y=612
       TabloidExtra   12x18                                     x=864, y=1296
       SuperB         13x19                                     x=936, y=1368

          * Common photographic paper sizes

       w576h864     8x12    Sometimes used for 35 mm   x=576, y=864
       w792h1008    11x14                              x=792, y=1008
       w1152h1440   16x20                              x=1152, y=1440
       w1152h1728   16x24   20x24 for 35 mm            x=1152, y=1728
       w1440h1728   20x24                              x=1440, y=1728
       w1440h2160   20x30   24x30 for 35 mm            x=1440, y=2160
       w1584h2160   22x30   Common watercolor size     x=1440, y=2160
       w1728h2160   24x30                              x=1728, y=2160
       w1728h2592   24x36   Sometimes used for 35 mm   x=1728, y=2592
       w2160h2880   30x40                              x=2160, y=2880

          International    Paper   Sizes   (mostly   taken   from

          * A series: Paper and boards, trimmed sizes
          * A sizes are in the ratio 1 : sqrt(2).  A0 has a total
          *  of  1  square  metre.   Everything is rounded to the
          * millimetre.  Thus, A0 is 841mm x 1189mm.  Every other
          *  size  is  obtained  by doubling or halving another A
       A9           A9    37mm x   52mm     x=105, y=148
       A10          A10   26mm x   37mm     x=73, y=105

          * Stock sizes for normal trims.
          * Allowance for trim is 3 millimetres.

       w2437h3458   RA0   860mm x 1220mm   x=2437, y=3458
       w1729h2437   RA1   610mm x  860mm   x=1729, y=2437
       w1218h1729   RA2   430mm x  610mm   x=1218, y=1729
       w864h1218    RA3   305mm x  430mm   x=864, y=1218
       w609h864     RA4   215mm x  305mm   x=609, y=864

          * Stock sizes for bled work or extra trims.

       w2551h3628   SRA0   900mm x 1280mm   x=2551, y=3628
       w1814h2551   SRA1   640mm x  900mm   x=1814, y=2551
       w1275h1814   SRA2   450mm x  640mm   x=1275, y=1814
       w907h1275    SRA3   320mm x  450mm   x=907, y=1275
       w637h907     SRA4   225mm x  320mm   x=637, y=907

          * "B" series: Posters, wall charts and similar items.

       w5669h8016   4B ISO    2000mm x 2828mm   x=5669, y=8016
       w4008h5669   2B ISO    1414mm x 2000mm   x=4008, y=5669
       ISOB0        B0 ISO    1000mm x 1414mm   x=2834, y=4008
       ISOB1        B1 ISO    707mm x 1000mm    x=2004, y=2834
       ISOB2        B2 ISO    500mm x  707mm    x=1417, y=2004
       ISOB3        B3 ISO    353mm x  500mm    x=1000, y=1417
       ISOB4        B4 ISO    250mm x  353mm    x=708, y=1000
       ISOB5        B5 ISO    176mm x  250mm    x=498, y=708
       ISOB6        B6 ISO    125mm x  176mm    x=354, y=498
       ISOB7        B7 ISO    88mm x  125mm     x=249, y=354
       ISOB8        B8 ISO    62mm x   88mm     x=175, y=249
       ISOB9        B9 ISO    44mm x   62mm     x=124, y=175
       ISOB10       B10 ISO   31mm x   44mm     x=87, y=124
       B0           B0 JIS                      x=2919, y=4127
       B1           B1 JIS                      x=2063, y=2919
       B2           B2 JIS                      x=1459, y=2063
       B3           B3 JIS                      x=1029, y=1459
       B4           B4 JIS                      x=727, y=1029
       B5           B5 JIS                      x=518, y=727
       B6           B6 JIS                      x=362, y=518
       B7           B7 JIS                      x=257, y=362
       B8           B8 JIS                      x=180, y=257
       B9           B9 JIS                      x=127, y=180
       B10          B10 JIS                     x=90, y=127

          * "C" series: Envelopes or folders suitable for A  size
       C8         C8      57mm x   81mm    x=161, y=229
       C9         C9      40mm x   57mm    x=113, y=161
       C10        C10     28mm x   40mm    x=79, y=113

          * US CAD standard paper sizes

       ARCHA         ArchA              9x12in    x=648, y=864
       ARCHA_trans   ArchA transverse   12x9 in   x=864, y=648
       ARCHB         ArchB              12x18in   x=864, y=1296
       ARCHB_trans   ArchB transverse   18x12in   x=1296, y=864
       ARCHC         ArchC              18x24in   x=1296, y=1728
       ARCHC_trans   ArchC transverse   24x18in   x=1728, y=1296
       ARCHD         ArchD              24x36in   x=1728, y=2592
       ARCHD_trans   ArchD transverse   36x24in   x=2592, y=1728
       ARCHE         ArchE              36x48in   x=2592, y=3456
       ARCHE_trans   ArchE transverse   48x36in   x=3456, y=2592

          * Foolscap

       w612h936   American foolscap       x=612, y=936
       w648h936   European foolscap       x=648, y=936

          * Sizes for book production
          *  The BPIF and the Publishers Association jointly rec­
       ommend ten
          * standard metric sizes for case-bound titles  as  fol­

       w535h697   Crown Quarto         189mm x 246mm   x=535, y=697
       w569h731   Large Crown Quarto   201mm x 258mm   x=569, y=731
       w620h782   Demy Quarto          219mm x 276mm   x=620, y=782
       w671h884   Royal Quarto         237mm x 312mm   x=671, y=884
       w348h527   Crown Octavo         123mm x 186mm   x=348, y=527
       w365h561   Large Crown Octavo   129mm x 198mm   x=365, y=561
       w391h612   Demy Octavo          138mm x 216mm   x=391, y=612
       w442h663   Royal Octavo         156mm x 234mm   x=442, y=663

          * Paperback sizes in common usage

       w314h504   Small paperback           111mm x 178mm   x=314, y=504
       w314h513   Penguin small paperback   111mm x 181mm   x=314, y=513
       w365h561   Penguin large paperback   129mm x 198mm   x=365, y=561

          * Miscellaneous sizes

       w283h420   Hagaki Card                           100 x 148 mm                x=283, y=420
       w420h567   Oufuku Card                           148 x 200 mm                x=420, y=567
       with -sIjsParams.  Thus




       -dCyan=xxx      xxx:   0.0 ... 4.0  (1.0)
       -dMagenta=xxx   xxx:   0.0 ... 4.0  (1.0)
       -dYellow=xxx    xxx:   0.0 ... 4.0  (1.0)

       These  three  options  allow  specification  of  the cyan,
       magenta, and yellow levels independently, for  rebalancing
       the  levels.   Normally, these should be adjusted to yield
       neutral gray, but they can be used for other effects.

       -dBrightness=xxx   xxx:   0.0 ... 2.0  (1.0)

       Adjust the brightness of the image.   0.0  gives  a  fully
       black  image;  2.0  gives  a  fully  white  image.  Values
       greater than 1 will result in black not  being  solid  and
       highlights  turning  white; values less than 1 will result
       in white not being perfectly  clear  and  shadows  turning

       -dContrast=xxx   xxx:   0.0 ... 4.0  (1.0)

       Adjust  the contrast of the image.  0.0 gives a solid gray
       for the entire image, the exact gray  depending  upon  the
       brightness chosen.

       -dGamma=xxx   xxx:   0.1 ... 4.0  (1.0)

       Adjust  the  gamma  of  the  image,  over  and  above  the
       printer-specific correction.  Gamma  less  than  1.0  will
       result  in  a  darker  image;  gamma greater than 1.0 will
       result in  a  lighter  image.   Unlike  brightness,  gamma
       adjustment  does  not  change  the  endpoints;  it  merely
       changes the shape of the input->output curve.

       -dDensity=xxx   xxx:   0.1 ... 2.0  (1.0)

       Adjust the amount of  ink  deposited  on  the  paper.   If
       you've  chosen  the  correct paper type and you're getting
       ink bleeding through the paper or puddling,  try  reducing

       Adjust  the  brilliance  of  colors.   0.0 results in pure
       grayscale; using this with -dColor=1 is one way of getting
       grayscale (see below under -dColor for a full discussion).
       Saturation of less than 1.0 results in more muted  colors;
       saturation  of  greater  than  1.0 results in more vibrant
       colors.   Very  high  saturation  often  results  in  very
       strange  effects, including posterization and banding that
       might not be expected.  For normal purposes,  the  satura­
       tion should generally be less than 1.5.

   Dithering Algorithms:
       The option names are case sensitive.  Two names are listed
       for each resolution; the first (short) name is  the  value
       that  must  be  passed  to -sDither, and the second (long)
       name is descriptive.

       Option STP: -sDither=algorithm
       Option IJS: -sIjsParams=Dither=algorithm

       Adaptive   Adaptive Hybrid
       EvenTone   EvenTone screening (experimental)
       Ordered    Ordered
       Fast       Fast
       VeryFast   Very Fast
       Floyd      Hybrid Floyd-Steinberg

       For highest quality, we recommend use of  Adaptive  Hybrid
       dithering.  For continuous tone images, Ordered works just
       as well and is somewhat faster.  Ordered dithering  yields
       noticeably  inferior  results with text and intricate line
       art, particularly at high resolutions.

       EvenTone dithering is a relatively new screening  technol­
       ogy  developed by Raph Levien.  It offers superior smooth­
       ness in highlights and midtones, and increased accuracy in
       shadows, resulting in significantly improved results over­
       all.  The version of EvenTone dithering that we are  using
       is  enhanced  with  some  additional  improvements we have
       made.  It currently only operates with CMYK (4,  6,  or  7
       color  output)  with  RGB  input, and should be considered
       experimental.  Note that it is  patented  (see  US  patent
       5917614),  but  it  is licensed for use with GPL software.
       See http://www.levien.com/patents.html for  more  informa­

       Fast  dithering,  which is a simplified version of ordered
       dither, is significantly faster,  but  color  accuracy  is
       worse,  particularly  on  six  color  printers and printer
       Error diffusion algorithms (Hybrid Floyd-Steinberg is such
       an algorithm) perform very well at high densities, and are
       capable of rendering very fine detail well, but they  tend
       to exhibit artifacts in the form of waves or worms of dots
       which results in noticeable texturing in pale areas.  Fur­
       thermore,  pale areas immediately adjacent to white take a
       while to build up sufficient error to print at all.   This
       is sometimes called tearing  Its use is not recommended.

   Output Type

       -dColor=x   x:   0 ... 2 (1 on color printers, 0 otherwise)

       0   Grayscale
       1   Color (RGB)
       2   Black and white


       Black and white:   -sProcessColorModel=DeviceGray -dBitsPerSample=1
       Grayscale:         -sProcessColorModel=DeviceGray
       Color (RGB):       -sProcessColorModel=DeviceRGB
       Color (CMYK):      -sProcessColorModel=DeviceCMYK

       Choose  color  vs.  grayscale output.  Color output is the
       default.  Choosing -dColor=0 results in only black ink (no
       color ink) being used, which is faster and usually results
       in the most accurate grayscale,  but  at  the  expense  of
       smoothness.   If you want composite color (using a mixture
       of color and black inks to produce  gray),  use  -dColor=1
       and -dSaturation=0.0 (see -dSaturation above).

       In  addition,  using  -dColor=0  uses luminance (perceived
       brightness) of red, green, and blue to choose output  lev­
       els.   Blue  of  a given intensity is perceived to be much
       darker than red, which in turn appears darker than  green.
       -dColor=1 and -dSaturation=0.0 does not use luminance.

       -dColor=2  prints  only  black  and  white (thresholding).
       This option always uses Fast dithering unless you  specify
       Very Fast.

       CMYK  output  may be used with the IJS driver only.  It is
       useful if you're printing a CMYK graphic and want explicit
       control over the inks.  Generally it yields inferior qual­
       ity, as Gimp-Print has good algorithms for converting  RGB


       Select the image type most representative of what's  being

        0   Line art (color or gray scale)
        1   Primarily solid colors or smooth gradients (color or gray scale)
        2   Continuous-tone photographs (color or gray scale)

       Option  0  is  the  fastest.  It generates strong, but not
       particularly accurate, colors.  There may be  some  fairly
       sharp color transitions in this mode.

       Option 1 generates more accurate colors, but is slower.

       Option  2  generates the most accurate colors, but is con­
       siderably slower.

       Note that any of the modes may be used with  either  color
       or  black  &  white  output.  If black and white output is
       requested, but a color mode used, composite color will  be
       printed.   This  generally  offers smoother tone, but less
       purity of gray or black, than pure  black  ink.   Further­
       more,  it  is  possible  to tune the color of the gray (to
       achieve warmer or cooler effects) using the color controls
       in this fashion.

       Specifying   a  lower  GhostScript  resolution  (with  -r)
       results in faster color conversion.  For example,  if  you
       print  at  1440x720 DPI, but specify a Ghostscript resolu­
       tion of 360 DPI (with -r360), output will be significantly
       faster  and  there will be much less difference in perfor­
       mance between the three image type options.

       Note that a lot of these options are used  for  demonstra­
       tion; generally adjusting the density is a bad idea!

       Example  1  (print  charts to file, using A4 paper, color,
       360 dpi):

           gs -sDEVICE=stp -sModel=escp2-ex -dDensity=1.6 -dGamma=1.5 -dSaturation=0.9 \
              -dBrightness=.4 -dImageType=1 -sPAPERSIZE=a4 \
              -sOutputFile=itsyourchoice.prn foo.ps

           gs -sDEVICE=ijs -sIjsServer=/usr/bin/ijsgimpprint \
              -sDeviceManufacturer=EPSON -sDeviceModel=escp2-ex -sPAPERSIZE=a4 \
              -sOutputFile=itsyourchoice.prn \

       Example 3 (print pure black text to stdout)

           gs -q -dSAFER -dNOPAUSE -sDEVICE=stp -sModel=escp2-660 -dDensity=0.8 -r720 \
              -sQuality=720sw -dColor=2 -sOutputFile=- foo.ps

           gs -sDEVICE=ijs -sIjsServer=/usr/bin/ijsgimpprint \
              -sDeviceManufacturer=EPSON -sDeviceModel=escp2-660 -dIjsUseOutputFD \
              -sProcessColorModel=DeviceGray -dBitsPerSample=1 -sOutputFile=- \
              -sIjsParams='Quality=720sw,Density=0.8' foo.ps


       gs(1), gs-pcl3(1).

Jul 2 GS-STP(1)


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