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foomatic-rip


       foomatic-rip - Universal print filter/RIP wrapper


SYNOPSIS

   Spooler-less printing/CPS (older versions) filter:
       foomatic-rip [-P <printer> | --ppd <ppdfile>] [-J <jobti­
       tle>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] [<files>]

   CUPS filter:
       foomatic-rip <jobid> <user> <jobtitle> <num­
       copies> <options> [<file>]

   LPRng filter:
       foomatic-rip --lprng [-J<jobti­
       tle>] [-Z<option>=<value>[,<option>=<value>[, ...]] <ppdfile>

   LPD/GNUlpr filter:
       foomatic-rip [-w <number>] [-l <number>] [-x <num­
       ber>] [-y <num­
       ber>] [-i <num­
       ber>] [-c] [-n <string>] [-h <string>] [-j|-J <jobti­
       tle>|<options>] <ppdfile>

   PPR RIP:
       foomatic-rip [<option>=<value> [...]]

   PPR interface:
       foomatic-rip <queue> <destaddress> <options> <job­
       break> <feed­
       back> <codes> <jobname> <routing> <for> <file­
       type> [<file>]

   PDQ driver file generation:
       foomatic-
       rip [--ppd <ppdfile>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] --gen­
       pdq|--appendpdq|--genrawpdq|--appendrawpdq

   PDQ filter:
       foomatic-
       rip --pdq --ppd <ppdfile>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] <file>

   CPS (newer versions) filter:
       foomatic-rip --cps -P <printer> [-J <jobti­
       tle>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] [<files>]

         (PostScript printer) the renderer's command line reduces
         to cat(1). The way  how  this  translation  is  done  is
         described in a PPD file.

       · Printer  capabilities,  how  to handle user options, and
         how  to  build  the  renderer  command  line  is  always
         described  by  PPD  files, these PPD files can come from
         Foomatic or can be the ones supplied by the  manufactur­
         ers  of  PostScript printers. The PPD files are the same
         for all spoolers.

       · foomatic-rip  works  with  every  known  spooler  (CUPS,
         LPRng, LPD, GNUlpr, PPR, PDQ, CPS, and without spooler).
         It auto-detects the spooler from which it was called  by
         the command line options and environment variables which
         were supplied by the spooler.

       · Non-PostScript files are translated to PostScript before
         they are passed to the renderer. This is usually done by
         a2ps(1), enscript(1), or  mpage(1).  foomatic-rip  auto-
         detects  which program is installed, but manual configu­
         ration is also possible.

       · foomatic-rip does not only apply  option  settings  sup­
         plied by the user through the command line of the print­
         ing command, but also searches the entire job for embed­
         ded  option  settings  (only  PostScript jobs). Here not
         only settings affectimg the whole  job  are  taken  into
         account,  but  also  settings in the page headers, which
         are only valid for the page where they  were  found,  so
         applications  which  produce  PostScript code with page-
         specific printer option settings are fully supported.


SPOOLER-LESS PRINTING

   Options
       -P <printer>
                 <printer> is the configured printer which should
                 be used for this job.

       --ppd <ppdfile>
                 The  PPD  file  <ppdfile>  should be applied for
                 processing this job.

       -J <jobtitle>
                 The <jobtitle> will be printed in the head  line
                 of every page of a plain text job.

       printer       PPD       file       is       stored      as
       /etc/foomatic/direct/<printer>.ppd                      or
       ~/.foomatic/direct/<printer>.ppd  you can use it by simply
       specifying "-P <printer>".

       Put a line

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| <command>"

       into the PPD file, right after  *PPD-Adobe:  "4.3",  where
       <command>  is  a  command into which you wnat to re-direct
       the output data. Due to the restictions of PPD files <, >,
       and  "  are  not allowed in the <command>, replace them as
       follows:

       Character Replacement
       ---------------------
            <    &lt;
            >    &gt;
            "    &quot;
            '    &apos;
            &    &amp;

       This way you can print directly to your printer, use

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat &gt; /dev/lp0"

       or

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat &gt; /dev/usb/lp0"

       for local parallel or USB printers. To make  normal  users
       able  to  print this way add them to the group lp and make
       sure that the appropriate printer device file /dev/...  is
       group-writable for the lp group.

       for  a  TCP/Socket/JetDirect  printer  with  the host name
       printer listening on port 9100 you need this:

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| /usr/bin/nc -w 1 printer 9100"

       Note the "-w 1" in the "nc" command line,  it  makes  "nc"
       exiting  immediately  after  the data is tranferred to the
       printer.

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| rlpr -Plp@printserver"

       directs your jobs to the  LPD  printer  queue  lp  on  the
       machine named printserver.

       See also http://www.linuxprinting.org/direct-doc.html


EXIT STATUS

       foomatic-rip  returns  0  unless something unexpected hap­
       pens.


AUTHOR

       Till Kamppeter <till.kamppeter@gmx.net> with parts of Man­
       fred  Wassmanns's <manolo@NCC-1701.B.Shuttle.de> man pages
       for the Foomatic  2.0.x  filters  (directomatic(1),  lpdo­
       matic(8)).


BUGS

       None so far.

       Please  send  bug  reports  to  foomatic-devel@linuxprint­
       ing.org.

Foomatic Project            2002-11-26            FOOMATIC-RIP(1)
  
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