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Linux Tutorial - Working with the System - Accessing Disks
  When Things Go Wrong ---- Shells and Utilities  

Accessing Disks

For the most part, you need to tell Linux what to do. This gives you a lot of freedom, because it does what you tell it, but people new to Linux have a number of pre-conceptions from Windows. One thing you need to do is to tell the system to mount devices like hard disks and CD-ROMs.

Typically Linux sees the CD-ROMs the same way it does hard disks, since they are usually all on the IDE controllers. The device /dev/hda is the master device on the first controller, /dev/hdb is the slave device on the first controller, /dev/hdc is the master on the second controller and /dev/hdd is the slave device on the second controller.

To mount a filesystem/disk you use the mount command. Assuming that your CD-ROM is the master device on the second controller you might mount it like this:

Sometimes /media/cdrom does not exist, so you might want to try this.

Sometimes the system already know about the CD-ROM device, so you can leave off either component:

You can then cd into /media/cdrom and you are on the CD.

Details on this can be found in the section on hard disks and file systems.

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