Figure: EXT2 Directory
In the EXT2 file system, directories are special files that are used to create and hold
access paths to the files in the file system.
shows the layout of a directory entry in memory.
A directory file is a list of directory entries, each one containing the following
- The inode for this directory entry. This is an index into the
array of inodes held in the Inode Table of the Block Group. In
figure 9.3, the directory entry for the file called
file has a reference to inode number i1,
- name length
- The length of this directory entry in bytes,
- The name of this directory entry.
The first two entries for every directory are always
the standard . and .. entries meaning "this directory" and "the parent