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Linux Tutorial - System Monitoring - Finding Out About Your System - Important System Files
  Network Files ---- What the System Is Doing Now  

Important System Files

FilePurposeWhere to Find More Information
User and Security Files
/etc/groupUser group informationgroup, chmod
/etc/npasswdnpasswd configuration filenpasswd
/etc/shadowshadow password filepassword, npasswd
/etc/passwdUser account informationpassword, chmod
Networking Files
/etc/bootptab Internet Bootstrap Protocol server databasebootptab
/etc/exports Directories to export to NFS clientsexports
/etc/gatewaysList of gatewaysrouted
/etc/hostsHostname to IP address mapping fileroute
/etc/hosts.equiv Lists of trusted hosts and remote usershosts.equiv
/etc/inetd.confinetd configuration fileinetd
/etc/named.conf named default initialization file named
/etc/networksKnown networksroute
/usr/lib/named or/etc/named.dnamed configuration files named
/etc/smb.conf or /etc/samba/smb.confSAMBA configuration filesmb.conf
/etc/snmpd.confSNMP daemon configuration filesnmpd.conf
/etc/ftpaccessFTP configuration fileftpaccess
/etc/httpd/access.confHTTP access configuration file 
/etc/httpd/httpd.confHTTP daemon configuration file 
/etc/httpd/srm.confHTTP server resource management configuration file 
/etc/servicesNetwork services listservices(5)
X-Windows Files
/etc/XF86Config or /etc/X11/XF86ConfigX-Server configuration file XF86Config, xf86config
/etc/X11/xinit/xinitrcxinit configuration filexinit
$HOME/.xinitrcUser-specific xinit configuration filexinit
$HOME/.fvwmrcfvwm configuration file fvwm, X
/usr/lib/X11/system.fvwmrcSystem default MWM configuration file fvwm, X
/usr/lib/X11/app-defaultsApplication-specific defaults X
$HOME/.Xdefaults-hostnameHost-specific defaults X
System Start-Up Files
/etc/inittabinit configuration fileinittab
/etc/lilo.confLilo configuration filelilo.conf, lilo
/etc/rc*System start-up scriptsinit, initscript
System Log Files  
/etc/syslog.confSystem login configuration filesyslog.conf
/var/log/messageGeneral system log filesyslogd
Miscellaneous Files
Systemwide shell configuration filesman-page for respective shell
User-specifc shell configuration filesman-page for respective shell
/etc/sysconfigMiscellaneous configuration files

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