Welcome to Linux Knowledge Base and Tutorial
"The place where you learn linux"
Traveller''s Lunchbox

 Create an AccountHome | Submit News | Your Account  

Tutorial Menu
Linux Tutorial Home
Table of Contents
Up to --> The Operating System

· Hardware Basics
· CPU Basics
· Memory Basics
· Bus Basics
· Peripheral and Controller Basics
· Address Spaces
· Timers

Glossary
MoreInfo
Man Pages
Linux Topics
Test Your Knowledge

Site Menu
Site Map
FAQ
Copyright Info
Terms of Use
Privacy Info
Disclaimer
WorkBoard
Thanks
Donations
Advertising
Masthead / Impressum
Your Account

Communication
Feedback
Forums
Private Messages
Recommend Us
Surveys

Features
HOWTOs
News
News Archive
Submit News
Topics
User Articles
Web Links

Google
Google


The Web
linux-tutorial.info

Who's Online
There are currently, 206 guest(s) and 4 member(s) that are online.

You are an Anonymous user. You can register for free by clicking here

  
Linux Tutorial - The Operating System - Hardware Basics - Memory Basics
  CPU Basics ---- Bus Basics  


Memory Basics

All systems have a memory hierarchy with memory at different speeds and sizes at different points in the hierarchy. The fastest memory is known as cache memory and is what it sounds like - memory that is used to temporarily hold, or cache, contents of the main memory. This sort of memory is very fast but expensive, therefore most processors have a small amount of on-chip cache memory and more system based (on-board) cache memory. Some processors have one cache to contain both instructions and data, but others have two, one for instructions and the other for data. The Alpha AXP processor has two internal memory caches; one for data (the D-Cache) and one for instructions (the I-Cache). The external cache (or B-Cache) mixes the two together. Finally there is the main memory which, relative to the external cache memory, is very slow. Relative to the on-CPU cache, main memory is positively crawling.

The cache and main memories must be kept in step (coherent). In other words, if a word of main memory is held in one or more locations in cache, then the system must make sure that the contents of cache and memory are the same. The job of cache coherency is done partially by the hardware and partially by the operating system. This is also true for a number of major system tasks where the hardware and software must cooperate closely to achieve their aims.

Details on memory in general can be found here.
Details on cache memory can be found here.

 Previous Page
CPU Basics
  Back to Top
Table of Contents
Next Page 
Bus Basics


MoreInfo

Test Your Knowledge

User Comments:


You can only add comments if you are logged in.

Copyright 1996-1999 by David Rusling. Licensed under GNU General Public License (Used with permission of the author). See here for details. All rights reserved.
  

More information about the site can be found in the FAQ


Login
Nickname

Password

Security Code
Security Code
Type Security Code


Don't have an account yet? You can create one. As a registered user you have some advantages like theme manager, comments configuration and post comments with your name.

Help if you can!


Amazon Wish List

Did You Know?
You can choose larger fonts by selecting a different themes.


Friends



Tell a Friend About Us

Bookmark and Share



Web site powered by PHP-Nuke

Is this information useful? At the very least you can help by spreading the word to your favorite newsgroups, mailing lists and forums.
All logos and trademarks in this site are property of their respective owner. The comments are property of their posters. Articles are the property of their respective owners. Unless otherwise stated in the body of the article, article content (C) 1994-2013 by James Mohr. All rights reserved. The stylized page/paper, as well as the terms "The Linux Tutorial", "The Linux Server Tutorial", "The Linux Knowledge Base and Tutorial" and "The place where you learn Linux" are service marks of James Mohr. All rights reserved.
The Linux Knowledge Base and Tutorial may contain links to sites on the Internet, which are owned and operated by third parties. The Linux Tutorial is not responsible for the content of any such third-party site. By viewing/utilizing this web site, you have agreed to our disclaimer, terms of use and privacy policy. Use of automated download software ("harvesters") such as wget, httrack, etc. causes the site to quickly exceed its bandwidth limitation and are therefore expressly prohibited. For more details on this, take a look here

PHP-Nuke Copyright © 2004 by Francisco Burzi. This is free software, and you may redistribute it under the GPL. PHP-Nuke comes with absolutely no warranty, for details, see the license.
Page Generation: 0.05 Seconds