Welcome to Linux Knowledge Base and Tutorial
"The place where you learn linux"
International Medical Corps

 Create an AccountHome | Submit News | Your Account  

Tutorial Menu
Linux Tutorial Home
Table of Contents

· Introduction to Operating Systems
· Linux Basics
· Working with the System
· Shells and Utilities
· Editing Files
· Basic Administration
· The Operating System
· The X Windowing System
· The Computer Itself
· Networking
· System Monitoring
· Solving Problems
· Security
· Installing and Upgrading
· Linux and Windows

Man Pages
Linux Topics
Test Your Knowledge

Site Menu
Site Map
Copyright Info
Terms of Use
Privacy Info
Masthead / Impressum
Your Account

Private Messages

News Archive
Submit News
User Articles
Web Links


The Web

Who's Online
There are currently, 85 guest(s) and 0 member(s) that are online.

You are an Anonymous user. You can register for free by clicking here



Current HOWTO: NCURSES-Programming-HOWTO



Pradeep Padala

v1.9, 2005-06-20

Revision History
Revision 1.92005-06-20Revised by: ppadala
The license has been changed to the MIT-style license used by NCURSES. Note that the programs are also re-licensed under this.
Revision 1.82005-06-17Revised by: ppadala
Lots of updates. Added references and perl examples. Changes to examples. Many grammatical and stylistic changes to the content. Changes to NCURSES history.
Revision 1.7.12002-06-25Revised by: ppadala
Added a README file for building and instructions for building from source.
Revision 1.72002-06-25Revised by: ppadala
Added "Other formats" section and made a lot of fancy changes to the programs. Inlining of programs is gone.
Revision 1.6.12002-02-24Revised by: ppadala
Removed the old Changelog section, cleaned the makefiles
Revision 1.62002-02-16Revised by: ppadala
Corrected a lot of spelling mistakes, added ACS variables section
Revision 1.52002-01-05Revised by: ppadala
Changed structure to present proper TOC
Revision 1.3.12001-07-26Revised by: ppadala
Corrected maintainers paragraph, Corrected stable release number
Revision 1.32001-07-24Revised by: ppadala
Added copyright notices to main document (LDP license) and programs (GPL), Corrected printw_example.
Revision 1.22001-06-05Revised by: ppadala
Incorporated ravi's changes. Mainly to introduction, menu, form, justforfun sections
Revision 1.12001-05-22Revised by: ppadala
Added "a word about window" section, Added scanw_example.

This document is intended to be an "All in One" guide for programming with ncurses and its sister libraries. We graduate from a simple "Hello World" program to more complex form manipulation. No prior experience in ncurses is assumed. Send comments to this address

Table of Contents
1. Introduction
1.1. What is NCURSES?
1.2. What we can do with NCURSES
1.3. Where to get it
1.4. Purpose/Scope of the document
1.5. About the Programs
1.6. Other Formats of the document
1.7. Credits
1.8. Wish List
1.9. Copyright
2. Hello World !!!
2.1. Compiling With the NCURSES Library
2.2. Dissection
3. The Gory Details
4. Initialization
4.1. Initialization functions
4.2. raw() and cbreak()
4.3. echo() and noecho()
4.4. keypad()
4.5. halfdelay()
4.6. Miscellaneous Initialization functions
4.7. An Example
5. A Word about Windows
6. Output functions
6.1. addch() class of functions
6.2. mvaddch(), waddch() and mvwaddch()
6.3. printw() class of functions
6.4. addstr() class of functions
6.5. A word of caution
7. Input functions
7.1. getch() class of functions
7.2. scanw() class of functions
7.3. getstr() class of functions
7.4. Some examples
8. Attributes
8.1. The details
8.2. attron() vs attrset()
8.3. attr_get()
8.4. attr_ functions
8.5. wattr functions
8.6. chgat() functions
9. Windows
9.1. The basics
9.2. Let there be a Window !!!
9.3. Explanation
9.4. The other stuff in the example
9.5. Other Border functions
10. Colors
10.1. The basics
10.2. Changing Color Definitions
10.3. Color Content
11. Interfacing with the key board
11.1. The Basics
11.2. A Simple Key Usage example
12. Interfacing with the mouse
12.1. The Basics
12.2. Getting the events
12.3. Putting it all Together
12.4. Miscellaneous Functions
13. Screen Manipulation
13.1. getyx() functions
13.2. Screen Dumping
13.3. Window Dumping
14. Miscellaneous features
14.1. curs_set()
14.2. Temporarily Leaving Curses mode
14.3. ACS_ variables
15. Other libraries
16. Panel Library
16.1. The Basics
16.2. Compiling With the Panels Library
16.3. Panel Window Browsing
16.4. Using User Pointers
16.5. Moving and Resizing Panels
16.6. Hiding and Showing Panels
16.7. panel_above() and panel_below() Functions
17. Menus Library
17.1. The Basics
17.2. Compiling With the Menu Library
17.3. Menu Driver: The work horse of the menu system
17.4. Menu Windows
17.5. Scrolling Menus
17.6. Multi Columnar Menus
17.7. Multi Valued Menus
17.8. Menu Options
17.9. The useful User Pointer
18. Forms Library
18.1. The Basics
18.2. Compiling With the Forms Library
18.3. Playing with Fields
18.4. Form Windows
18.5. Field Validation
18.6. Form Driver: The work horse of the forms system
19. Tools and Widget Libraries
19.1. CDK (Curses Development Kit)
19.2. The dialog
19.3. Perl Curses Modules CURSES::FORM and CURSES::WIDGETS
20. Just For Fun !!!
20.1. The Game of Life
20.2. Magic Square
20.3. Towers of Hanoi
20.4. Queens Puzzle
20.5. Shuffle
20.6. Typing Tutor
21. References

The Linux Tutorial completely respects the rights of authors and artists to decide for themselves if and how their works can be used, independent of any existing licenses. This means if you are the author of any document presented on this site and do no wish it to be displayed as it is on this site or do not wish it to be displayed at all, please contact us and we will do our very best to accommodate you. If we are unable to accommodate you, we will, at your request, remove your document as quickly as possible.

If you are the author of any document presented on this site and would like a share of the advertising revenue, please contact us using the standard Feedback Form.


The Linux Tutorial is always looking for new contributors.



Security Code
Security Code
Type Security Code

Don't have an account yet? You can create one. As a registered user you have some advantages like theme manager, comments configuration and post comments with your name.

Help if you can!

Amazon Wish List

Did You Know?
You can choose larger fonts by selecting a different themes.


Tell a Friend About Us

Bookmark and Share

Web site powered by PHP-Nuke

Is this information useful? At the very least you can help by spreading the word to your favorite newsgroups, mailing lists and forums.
All logos and trademarks in this site are property of their respective owner. The comments are property of their posters. Articles are the property of their respective owners. Unless otherwise stated in the body of the article, article content (C) 1994-2013 by James Mohr. All rights reserved. The stylized page/paper, as well as the terms "The Linux Tutorial", "The Linux Server Tutorial", "The Linux Knowledge Base and Tutorial" and "The place where you learn Linux" are service marks of James Mohr. All rights reserved.
The Linux Knowledge Base and Tutorial may contain links to sites on the Internet, which are owned and operated by third parties. The Linux Tutorial is not responsible for the content of any such third-party site. By viewing/utilizing this web site, you have agreed to our disclaimer, terms of use and privacy policy. Use of automated download software ("harvesters") such as wget, httrack, etc. causes the site to quickly exceed its bandwidth limitation and are therefore expressly prohibited. For more details on this, take a look here

PHP-Nuke Copyright © 2004 by Francisco Burzi. This is free software, and you may redistribute it under the GPL. PHP-Nuke comes with absolutely no warranty, for details, see the license.
Page Generation: 0.15 Seconds